|Branding||Fox 13 (general)
Fox 13 News (newscasts)
|Channels||Digital: 13 (VHF)|
13.1 - Fox
13.2 - Movies! TV Network
|Owner||Cox Media Group
(Cox Media Group Northeast, LLC)
|First air date||September 27, 1953|
|Call letters' meaning||WeHaveBetter
Quartets (in reference to religious roots of WHBQ radio) or Harding Brothers C(Q)ommunications (after Harding University, original owner of WHBQ radio)
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:13 (VHF, 1953-2009)Digital:
53 (UHF, 1995-2009)
|Former affiliations||CBS (1953-1956)ABC (1953-1995; secondary until 1956)|
|Transmitter power||95 kW|
|Transmitter coordinates||35°10′29″N 89°50′43″W|
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 News operation
- 4 Logos
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
- 7 References
Under RKO General
WHBQ-TV began operations on September 27, 1953. The station was owned by General Teleradio, the broadcasting arm of the General Tire and Rubber Company, along with WHBQ radio (560 AM and 105.9 FM, now WGKX). It is Memphis' second-oldest television station, and the only one that has never changed its call letters or channel location. In 1955, General Tire purchased RKO Radio Pictures in order to give its television stations a programming source. RKO was merged into General Teleradio, and in 1957 General Tire's broadcasting and film divisions were renamed RKO General.
WHBQ-TV was originally a CBS affiliate, sharing ABC programming with WMCT (channel 5, nowWMC-TV). Channel 13 lost CBS when WREC-TV (channel 3, now WREG-TV) signed on and took that affiliation due to CBS' long affiliation with WREC radio; WHBQ-TV then took the ABC affiliation full-time. In the 1960s and 1970s WHBQ-TV was Memphis' leader in television ratings, although since the mid-1990s, the station's news broadcasts has often been rated second-to-last.
Despite being one of ABC's stronger affiliates in the 1960s and 1970s, WHBQ-TV was known for not airing some ABC programming in pattern, particularly during the day. Many of these programs were pre-empted outright or delayed until late-night hours. In some cases, these programming decisions occurred because station management was skeptical of airing subject matter deemed even mildly controversial (presumably to keep from offending viewers in Memphis' more conservative suburbs and the surrounding rural areas). For example, it was one of several ABC affiliates that didn't clear Hot L Baltimore, a show which featured one of the first openlyhomosexual couples featured on American television. In September 1977, WHBQ-TV was one of eight ABC affiliates that refused to carry the controversial situation comedy Soap, opting to run repeats of My Three Sons instead. When Soap proved to be a runaway hit for the network, channel 13 acquiesced and allowed the series to be seen in late-night summer reruns. The following fall, the station carried Soap in its regular pattern.
In many other cases, however, channel 13 opted to pre-empt network shows in favor of local shows in hopes of getting more local advertising dollars. For instance, in 1972, WHBQ-TV (whose AM sister was a Top 40 powerhouse at the time) stunned Mid-South viewers by droppingAmerican Bandstand for 90 minutes of live professional wrestling. The wrestling program was a late Saturday afternoon fixure starting when it first began airing in 1958, until its move to the Saturday morning 11 am-12:30 pm slot. WHBQ lost the show to WMC-TV in 1977. But even after losing that program, channel 13 continued to pre-empt Bandstand until 1984, just three years before ABC canceled the long-running show. The pre-emption kept Memphians from seeing homegrown talent perform on the show, such as The Sylvers, Al Green, Isaac Hayes,Anita Ward, and Rick Dees, who was hired by WHBQ radio as its new morning host during his "Disco Duck" days in late 1976. At the time Dees appeared on Bandstand, "Disco Duck" was never played on any of the radio stations in Memphis, including WHBQ-AM, because Dees was still employed at rival WMPS at the time.
Channel 13 made up for the preemption by airing Bandstand's syndicated rival, Soul Train, on Saturday nights until independent stationWPTY-TV (channel 24) purchased the rights to that program from channel 13 in 1983.
It was one of the largest ABC affiliates to pass on Good Morning America when it debuted in 1975, not picking it up until 1977. Other popular shows that WHBQ-TV held out until later (when they became major out-of-the-box hits on ABC) included Dark Shadows (the program featured actor Don Briscoe, who would later reside and died in Memphis), The Bionic Woman and S.W.A.T..
In 1980, the station was criticized for carrying paid religious programming instead of ABC's coverage of the United States' Olympic men's hockey team's gold medal victory over Finland in the 1980 Winter Olympics.
Locally, the station had a rivalry with WREC/WREG-TV over bragging rights for the largest movie library in the market. Through its ownership by RKO General, channel 13 had the entire RKO Pictures catalog at its disposal. The station's reliance on classic and public-domain films in the 1960s and 1970s was evidenced in its daily 9-to-11 a.m. airing of Dialing for Dollars, which the station ran instead of popular daytime soap operas All My Children and Ryan's Hope. In September 1978 channel 13 finally began clearing the full ABC daytime lineup, though its noon newscast forced All My Children into a morning timeslot, where it aired on a one-day delay for many years.
RKO General was under nearly continuous investigation from the 1960s onward due to a long history of lying to advertisers and regulators. For example, it was nearly forced out of broadcasting in 1980 after misleading the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) about corporate misconduct at parent General Tire. Under longtime general manager Alex Bonner, however, WHBQ-AM-FM-TV was never accused of any wrongdoing.
In 1987, an FCC administrative law judge ruled RKO General unfit to be a broadcast licensee due to a widespread pattern of dishonesty. After the FCC advised RKO that appealing the decision wasn't worth the effort, RKO began unwinding its broadcast operations. The WHBQ stations were the next-to-last to be sold, shortly after Bonner retired in 1990. The new owner, Adams Communications, sold off WHBQ-AM (105.9 FM had been sold off several years earlier).
On September 29, 1962, WHBQ-TV premiered Fantastic Features, a collection of classic horror films from the RKO Pictures library. The series was hosted by a Transylvanian-styled vampire named Sivad, played by Watson Davis. The show's opening sequence, which included film footage of Sivad riding through a misty forest in a horse-drawn hearse, proved so unsettling to some children that the series was moved from its original 6:00 p.m. timeslot on Saturday evenings to the later time of 10:30 p.m. At the height of its popularity, Fantastic Featuresaired on both Friday and Saturday nights. The program concluded its run in 1972 after 623 episodes, though Sivad has remained a well-remembered local personality. There were several attempts to resurrect the character, though a retired Watson Davis refused all offers, the sole exception being promos for the syndicated run of Dark Shadows, acquired by WHBQ in April 1982. Mr. Davis died on May 23, 2005 and is buried in Monroe County, Arkansas.
In the 1960s and 1970s, WHBQ produced several local programs featuring Memphis personalities. Disc jockey George Klein hosted Talent Party, an afternoon rock-and-roll series aimed at Memphis' teenage audience. Talent Party was hugely successful, giving many garage bands their first television appearances, and the ratings were so high that it regularly beat The Edge of Night, a nationally top-rated soap opera on CBS.
During the 1970s and early 1980s, news anchor Marge Thrasher also hosted a local talk show titled Straight Talk (a title used on other RKO General stations), aired at 8:00 a.m. on weekdays. WHBQ was also the Memphis station for the local/syndicated program PM Magazinefeaturing Byron Day and Lynn Sitler.
Transition to Fox
Adams was in severe financial straits by 1994, and sold the station to ComCorp. Only a short time later, ComCorp announced that it would sell WHBQ-TV to the News Corporation. The new owners made channel 13 the third station in Memphis to carry Fox programming. WMKW-TV (channel 30, now WLMT) had been the area's original Fox affiliate from 1987 to 1990, when Fox moved to WPTY-TV until the WHBQ-TV purchase. WPTY took channel 13's old ABC affiliation. Upon the network switch, channel 13 replaced the daytime ABC soap opera lineup with Fox Kids (now 4Kids TV) children's shows, unlike most of the other stations that switched to Fox during the Fox affiliate switches of 1994. WHBQ is the only Memphis television station owned and operated by any major network.
In 2006, WHBQ premiered a new graphic scheme similar to the one in current use on the Fox News Channel. This new look gradually became the standard for the other Fox-owned stations. WHBQ also adopted a new logo, which was borrowed from Tampa sister station WTVT. It shortly afterward switched to a slightly-modified version of the current logo.
On June 13, 2007, Fox's parent company, News Corporation, put WHBQ-TV and eight other stations up for sale. Local TV, a broadcast holding company controlled by the private equity firm Oak Hill Capital Partners, purchased the other eight stations  on December 22. WHBQ-TV could not go to Local TV or any other affiliate of Oak Hill Capital Partners because Local TV already owned CBS affiliate WREG-TV. The FCC does not allow duopolies between two of the four largest stations in a single market; this is clearly the case with the CBS and Fox affiliates in Memphis. On January 16, 2009, Fox Television Stations withdrew WHBQ-TV from the market because the only interested buyers (other than Local TV LLC) that were willing to pay anywhere close to the asking price were Newport Television (who already owns WPTY and WLMT) and Raycom Media (the owner of WMC-TV). None of the other bids for the station were deemed high enough for NewsCorp to sell it. By then, Fox had retired from cartoons due to the cancellation of 4Kids TV; Weekend Marketplace now occupies the final two hours of 4KidsTV's time slot.
On June 12, 2009, WHBQ-TV remained on channel 13 when the analog to digital conversion completed.
|13.1||WHBQ-DT1||Main WHBQ-TV Programming / Fox (HD)|
|13.2||WHBQ-DT2||Movies! TV Network|
WHBQ broadcasts a total of 46.5 hours of local news a week (eight and a half hours on weekdays, two hours on Saturdays and Sundays), more than any other television station in Memphis and the state of Tennessee; however as is standard with Fox stations that carry early evening weekend newscasts, WHBQ's Saturday and Sunday 5 pm newscasts are subject to preemption due to sports coverage.
WHBQ's newscasts, for many years, had been called Eyewitness News and stayed true to the Eyewitness News "Happy Talk" format, along with using the "Cool Hand Luke" music package the ABC O&Os used. WHBQ had a number of high-visibility anchors and reporters in the 1970s and 1980s, including Ed Craig, Tom Bearden, Marge Thrasher, Fran Fawcett, Jim Jaggers and Charlie B. Watson. After Fox acquired the station in 1995, the newscasts were briefly called Fox 13 Eyewitness News. In the late 1990s, WHBQ renamed its newscasts Fox 13 News. But despite this change (and even rivals WPTY-TV and WLMT picking up the name Eyewitness News in 2002), WHBQ has remained Memphis' "Happy Talk" station.
WHBQ is one of four Fox O&Os with a 5 p.m. newscast, but no 6 p.m. newscast (along with KTBC in Austin, KRIV in Houston and KMSP-TV in Minneapolis). WFXT in Boston was included in this until September 2009, when the reverse became true after the station "moved" its 5 p.m. newscast to 6 p.m.
WHBQ-TV began broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition on June 23, 2009, making it the second television station in Memphis (behind WMC-TV) to do so. On September 7, 2009, Good Morning Memphis was expanded to five hours, running from 5-10 a.m. On April 26, 2010 an additional half-hour was added to the morning newscast, expanding it to 4:30-10 a.m.
WHBQ started a new 10 p.m. newscast on August 16, 2010, hosted by Ernie Freeman. This marks the first time since November 1, 1995 (when WHBQ became a Fox affiliate) that they are in direct competition with WREG-TV, WMC-TV, and WPTY-TV in the all-important late night news spot. The new newscast follows a similar format to what is already in use at some of its sister Fox stations including WTVT-TV(see NewsEdge at 11 article).
- The Mid-South News Report (1956-1962)
- The Big News on 13 (1962-1966)
- Channel 13: Early/Late/Final Report (1966-1970)
- Eyewitness News (1970–1982 and 1989–1995)
- 13 Eyewitness News (1982–1989)
- Fox 13 Eyewitness News (1995–1997)
- Fox 13 News (1997–present)
- The Best is Seen on Channel 13 (1950s-1960s)
- The Full Color Station (1960s)
- We`re Still The One, on Channel 13 (1977-1978, 1979-1980; locaized version of ABC ad campaign)
- We`re The One You Can Turn To, Channel 13 (1978-1979; localized version of ABC ad campaign)
- You and Me and Channel 13 (1980-1981; localized version of ABC ad campaign)
- Now Is The Time, Channel 13 is The Place (1981-1982; localized version of ABC ad campaign)
- Come on Along with Channel 13 (1982-1983; localized version of ABC ad campaign)
- That Special Feeling on Channel 13 (1983-1984; localized version of ABC ad campaign)
- You`ll Love It on Channel 13 (1985-1986; localized version of ABC ad campaign)
- Together on Channel 13 (1986-1987; localized version of ABC ad campaign)
- Something's Happening on Channel 13 (1987-1990; localized version of ABC ad campaign)
- The Spirit of the Mid-South (1989-2005)
- Memphis is Watching WHBQ (1990-1992; localized version of ABC ad campaign)
- If It's Memphis, It Must Be Channel 13 (1992-1993; localized version of ABC ad campaign)
- Watch By More Memphis, Channel 13, ABC (1993-1995; localized version of ABC ad campaign; last slogan as ABC affiliate)
- Cool Like Fox 13, (1995-1996; localized version of Fox ad campaign)
- Where Local News Comes First (2005-2007; also formerly used as a slogan for KPRC-TV in Houston)
- The Most Powerful Name In Local News! (2007-present)
- So Fox 13 (2009-2013; local version of Fox ad campaign)
Notable on-air staff
Current on-air staff (as of July 10, 2011)
- Valerie Calhoun - weekday mornings "Good Morning Memphis" (6-10 a.m.)
- Greg Coy - weekday mornings "Good Morning Memphis" (6-10 a.m.)
- Ernie Freeman - weeknights at 10 p.m.
- Darrell Greene - weeknights at 5 and 9 p.m.
- Lauren Johnson - weekday mornings "Good Morning Memphis" (4:30-6 a.m.)
- Jill Monier - weekends
- Mearl Purvis - weeknights at 5 and 9 p.m.
- Melissa Scheffler - weekday mornings "Good Morning Memphis" (4:30-6 a.m.)also weeknight reporter
- Darcy Thomas - weekday mornings "Good Morning Memphis" and 11 a.m.
Fox 13 Weather Team
- Joey Sulipeck (AMS Seal of Approval) - Chief Meteorologist; weeknights at 5, 9 and 10 p.m.
- Brian Basham (AMS Seal of Approval) - Meteorologist; weekday mornings "Good Morning Memphis" (4:30-9 a.m.)
- Ed Echols (AMS Seal of Approval) - Meteorologist; Sundays at 5 and weekends at 9 p.m.
- Holly Hancock (AMS Seal of Approval) - Meteorologist; weekdays at 11 a.m.
- Matt Stark - Sports Director; weeknights at 5, 9 and 10 p.m.
- Marcus Hunter - Sports Anchor; Sundays at 5 and weekends at 9 p.m.
- Tom Dees - traffic reporter
- Tealy Devereaux - general assignment reporter
- Lauren Johnson - general assignment reporter
- Lauren Lee - general assignment reporter
- Lynn Lampkin - general assignment reporter
- Scott Madaus - general assignment reporter
- Jill Monier - general assignment reporter
- Earle Farrell - morning assignment reporter
- Les Smith - general assignment reporter
- Bofta Yimam - general assignment reporter
- Heather York - traffic reporter
Former on-air staff
- Ed Craig - Weekday anchor
- Fran Fawcett - Weekday anchor
- Dan Stewart - anchor
- Dave Brown - weather and wrestling co-host (recently retired from WMC-TV)
- Charlie B. Watson - Weekday sports anchor
- Jerry Tate - Weekday anchor
- Claudia Barr (now at WREG-TV)
- Byron Day (former weekday news and weather anchor)
- Joe Elmore (weekend anchor/reporter)
- Jim Jaggers - weather (now at WREG-TV)
- Glenn Carver - sports anchor (now at WREG-TV)
- Marge Thrasher (midday anchor and host of weekday morning show "Straight Talk")
- Jason Carter - investigative reporter
- Steve Dawson - weeknight anchor (retired)
- Al Deal - investigative reporter
- Greg Gaston - sports reporter
- Leon Griffin (AMS Seal of Approval) - Meteorologist; weekday mornings "Good Morning Memphis" (4:30-9 a.m.)
- Delores Handy - weeknight anchor (1972-1973) Now at WBUR in Boston
- Jay Hermazinski - reporter (now at WISH-TV in Indianapolis)
- Curtis Jay - midday anchor/reporter (now at KSHB-TV in Kansas City)
- Eric King - reporter (now at WLKY-TV in Louisville, KY)
- April Norris - reporter (now at WPTY/WLMT)
- Ross Palombo - anchor/reporter (now at CBS News)
- Kristin Tallent - Sports Anchor; Sundays at 5 and weekends at 9 p.m.
- Bernard Watson - weekend anchor/reporter (now at WGCL-TV in Atlanta)
- MyFoxMemphis.com - Official Website
- Query the FCC's TV station database for WHBQ-TV
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on WHBQ-TV