The following alphabetical lists of novels are categorized by the narrator's point of view.

The intent of this article is not to be comprehensive, but to compare at a glance various points of view by providing well known examples.

First person[]

Main article: First-person narrative

First person present-tense[]

Everything happens in the character's 'now'.

  • Atwood, Cat's Eye
  • Dubus, House of Sand and Fog
  • Ellis, American Psycho
  • Ford, "Independence Day"
  • Frey, A Million Little Pieces
  • Hornby, High Fidelity
  • Palahniuk, Fight Club
  • Wong, The Pacific Between

First person protagonist[]

Where the narrator is the protagonist of the novel

  • Dinesen, Out of Africa
  • Salinger, Catcher in the Rye
  • Sebold, The Lovely Bones

First person ancillary[]

Where the narrator observes action, but is an ancillary character

  • Doyle, Sherlock Holmes
  • Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby
  • Fournier, Le Grand Meaulnes
  • Kesey, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
  • Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird
  • Mann, Doktor Faustus

Multiple first person[]

Where multiple characters individually narrate from first-person POV

  • Bronte, Wuthering Heights
  • Irving, Setting Free the Bears
  • Korman, No More Dead Dogs
  • William Faulkner, As I Lay Dying
  • Graham Swift, Last Orders
  • Julian Barnes, Talking it Over
  • Ana Castillo, The Guardians
  • Charles Baxter, The Feast of Love
  • Ann Brashares, The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants
  • Barbara Kingsolver, The Poisonwood Bible

Second person[]

Main article: Second-person narrative

Present tense[]

  • Calvino, If on a Winter's Night a Traveler (odd-numbered chapters)
  • McInerney, Bright Lights, Big City
  • Robbins, Half Asleep in Frog Pajamas
  • Camus, The Fall
  • Murakami, After Dark

Past tense[]

  • Milne, Winnie-the-Pooh, ch. 1

Third person[]

Main article: Third-person narrative

Third person, limited[]

Main article: Third person limited omniscient
  • Card, Ender's Game. The parallel novel Ender's Shadow is told from the same limited perspective following a different character.
  • Kelman, how late it was, how late.

Third person, omniscient or dramatic[]

  • McCullough, The Thornbirds
  • Mitchell, Gone with the Wind
  • Tolstoy, Anna Karenina

Third person, objective[]

  • Wolfe, The Right Stuff

Multiple points of view[]

  • Faulkner, The Sound and The Fury
  • Murakami, Kafka on the Shore
  • Wharton, Ethan Frome
  • Franzen, The Corrections
  • Winterson, Art & Lies

Alternate point of view[]

See also[]

  • Literature
  • Point of view
  • Literary terms


Template:Narrative modes