Annex
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This list consists of fictional historical detectives, in chronological order of setting:

Detective Setting, Period Creator Debut
Gordianus the Finder Roman Republic, 1st Cen. BCE) Steven Saylor Roman Blood (1991)
Senator Decius Caecilius Metellus the Younger Roman Republic, 1st Cen. BCE John Maddox Roberts SPQR (1990)
Marcus Didius Falco Roman Empire, 1st Cen. CE Lindsey Davis the Silver Pigs (1989)
Judge Dee China, 7th Cen. CE Robert van Gulik Di Gong An (1949
Sister Fidelma Ireland, 7th Cen. CE Peter Tremayne Absolution by Murder (1994)
Li Kao China, 7th Cen. CE Barry Hughart Bridge of Birds (1984)
Brother Cadfael Wales, 12th Cen. CE Ellis Peters a Morbid Taste for Bones (1977)
Brother William of Baskerville Italy, 1327 CE Umberto Eco The Name of the Rose (1980)
Brother Athelstan London, 1376 CE P. C. Doherty the Nightingale Gallery (1991)
Matthew Shardlake London, 1537 CE C. J. Sansom Dissolution (2003)
Roxanne Todd Philadelphia, 1871 CE Emma Regan
Sherlock Holmes London, 1881 CE Sir Arthur Conan Doyle A Study in Scarlet (1886)
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